Quick Answer: What Is An Example Of Discretionary Government Spending?

What is discretionary spending AP Gov?

Discretionary spending: The portion of the budget that the President requests and Congress appropriates every year.

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represents less than 1/3 of the federal budget, while mandatory spending accounts for around 2/3.

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Entitlements: Federal benefit payments to which recipients have a legal right, e.g., Social ….

What is an example of discretionary authority?

The federal bureaucracy has discretionary authority to make decisions on what actions to take—or not take—when implementing laws. … Here are a few examples: the Department of Education, Environmental Protection Agency, Federal Elections Commission, and the Securities and Exchange Commission.

What does the government spend the most money on?

Nearly 60 percent of mandatory spending in 2019 was for Social Security and other income support programs (figure 3). Most of the remainder paid for the two major government health programs, Medicare and Medicaid.

What are government spending programs?

Government spending refers to money spent by the public sector on the acquisition of goods and provision of services such as education, healthcare, social protection. The first Social, and defense. … This includes public consumption and public investment, and transfer payments consisting of income transfers.

What is an example of mandatory government spending?

Outlays for the nation’s three largest entitlement programs (Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid) and for many smaller programs (unemployment compensation, retirement programs for federal employees, student loans, and deposit insurance, for example) are mandatory spending.

What does discretionary mean?

adjective. subject or left to one’s own discretion. for any use or purpose one chooses; not earmarked for a particular purpose: discretionary income; a discretionary fund.

What are discretionary items?

Discretionary income is the amount of an individual’s income that is left for spending, investing, or saving after paying taxes and paying for personal necessities, such as food, shelter, and clothing. Discretionary income includes money spent on luxury items, vacations, and nonessential goods and services.

What is another word for discretionary?

In this page you can discover 14 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for discretionary, like: optional, left to discretion, discretional, changeable, arbitrary, judgmental, personal, elective, facultative, opinion and surprise.

What is an oversight in government?

oversight – Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.

Who has oversight over bureaucracy?

the presidentMost directly, the president controls the bureaucracies by appointing the heads of the fifteen cabinet departments and of many independent executive agencies, such as the CIA, the EPA, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. These cabinet and agency appointments go through the Senate for confirmation.

What is mandatory spending AP Gov?

Mandatory spending is defined as those areas of the federal budget that must be enacted each year by law and are not dependent on annual review by committees of congress. … Refers to a budget where expenditures exceed revenues. As a result the U.S. must borrow money to pay interest on the debt.

What is an appropriations bill quizlet?

Appropriations Bill. An act of Congress that actually funds programs within limits established by authorization bills. Appropriations usually cover one year. Authorization bill. An act of Congress that establishes, continues, or changes a discretionary government program or an entitlement.

What is discretionary spending in government?

Discretionary spending is spending that is subject to the appropriations process, whereby Congress sets a new funding level each fiscal year (which begins October 1st) for programs covered in an appropriations bill.

How is mandatory spending determined?

Many mandatory spending programs spending levels are determined by eligibility rules. Congress sets criteria for determining who is eligible to receive benefits from the program, and the benefit level for people who are eligible. … Most mandatory spending is used on entitlement programs.

Does discretionary mean optional?

The difference between Discretionary and Optional When used as adjectives, discretionary means available at one’s discretion, whereas optional means not compulsory.

What do bureaucrats do?

The job of a bureaucrat is to implement government policy, to take the laws and decisions made by elected officials and put them into practice. … The task of running the government, and providing services through policy implementation, is called public administration.

What does government spending include?

Government spending or expenditure includes all government consumption, investment, and transfer payments. … Government acquisition of goods and services intended to create future benefits, such as infrastructure investment or research spending, is classed as government investment (government gross capital formation).

What are two examples of discretionary spending?

Some examples of areas funded by discretionary spending are national defense, foreign aid, education and transportation.

What does discretionary power mean?

Professor Harold Laski has defined discretionary power as that authority of the executive « whether in matters of sub- stance or of procedure or both, which it is free to exercise as it thinks fit ». *1 Legally, it is the power to exercise a discre- ‘ tion with which the courts cannot interfere.

When expenditure exceeds the total revenue it is called?

Deficits occur when a government’s expenditures exceed the revenue that it levies. … The total deficit (which is often called the fiscal deficit or just the ‘deficit’) is the primary deficit plus interest payments on the debt.

Which is the largest item in discretionary spending?

National defense spendingNational defense spending As of the fiscal year 2019 budget approved by Congress, national defense is the largest discretionary expenditure in the federal budget.